While Canada is renowned for its free Canadian health care system, it is important to note that these services are primarily accessible to Canadian citizens and permanent residents.
As a result, international students studying in Canada must make arrangements for health insurance throughout their study program to ensure adequate medical coverage.
In this article, we will explore the various aspects of student health insurance in Canada, including the Canadian health care system, health care services by province, and available healthcare options.
Canadian Health Care
Canada's health care system operates at the provincial level, resulting in variations in coverage across different provinces and territories. It is crucial for foreign nationals planning to study in Canada to become familiar with the health care services offered in their province of study. While some provinces extend coverage to international students under their provincial health insurance plans, most provinces require students to obtain private health insurance.
Health Care Services for Students by Province
In provinces where international students are required to obtain private health insurance, educational institutions often offer health insurance packages specifically tailored for international students.
Depending on the school, students may either be required to register for the institution's health insurance package or have the option to opt out if they can demonstrate that they possess private health insurance from another source.
Educational institutions are well-versed in the health insurance requirements for international students and can provide guidance accordingly.
Canadian Health Care for Citizens and Permanent Residents
Canadian citizens and permanent residents have reasonable access to medically necessary hospital services without incurring out-of-pocket expenses.
The universal Canadian health care system covers only medically necessary services, constituting basic health care coverage. However, individuals in Canada without permanent resident or citizen status are generally expected to pay for medical services unless they have private health insurance.
Temporary residents, including international students, are often required by immigration programs to secure private health insurance for their stay in Canada.
They have several options for obtaining health insurance, including purchasing private insurance from an insurance company, receiving health insurance through their employer if they are working in Canada, or registering for insurance through their educational institution if they are studying in Canada.
In emergency situations, all provinces and territories in Canada provide free services, even if a patient does not possess a government health card. However, the scope of services that can be provided may be restricted based on a person's immigration status.
Out-of-Province Medical Insurance
Provincial health care coverage, whether obtained through a government program or a private plan, generally applies only within the specific province. International students planning to travel outside their province of study, whether within Canada or to another country, should consult their health insurance provider to determine if their coverage extends to such travel periods.
If an international student's health insurance does not cover travel, they may need to purchase private health insurance to ensure coverage for medical expenses incurred during their travels.
International students seeking private insurance options within Canada have access to various tools and resources:
- Find Insurance: This public service tool, operated by the OmbudService for Life & Health Insurance, provides a comprehensive list of 99% of insurance programs offered by Canadian life and health insurance companies.
- OmbudService for Life & Health Insurance (OLHI): As Canada's independent information service for consumers of Canadian life and health insurance, this organization also serves as an independent complaint resolution service for insurance consumers.
Student health insurance is a vital aspect of the study experience for international students in Canada. While the country's renowned healthcare system primarily caters to citizens and permanent residents, international students must ensure they have adequate health insurance coverage throughout their study program.